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The +Q C How does WH-movement Fit with the Theory? For example, in (1), the wh-phrase nani-o ‘what-ACC’ occurs inside a wh-island and the result is marginal, at least for some speakers.2 Interestingly, example (1b) is better because of the addition of the wh-phrase dare-ni ‘who-DAT’ outside of the wh-island. Given that wh- phrases in direct and indirect questions occupy their surface position as a result of movement, the question arises of how far a wh- phrase can move from the position where it is interpreted. • Case theory (11) a. But, then, (1) cannot have overt wh -movement to SpecCP. In partial Wh-movement, the scope position contains a scope-marker, and in multiple Wh-movement, the scope position contains another Wh-phrase. types of wh-movement and the possibility of MRQs: Chinese and Japanese are in-situ languages, Russian is a multiple wh-fronting language, and Hindi is a mixed system with both overt wh-movement and wh-in-situ. 3,000 new books annually, covering a wide range of subjects including biomedicine and the life sciences, clinical medicine, The +Q C In these constructions a Wh-phrase moves to the specifier of a CP that is lower than the CP over which the Wh-phrase takes scope. However, the crucial multiple sluicing example violating … Regarding when they havewh-movement, MWFL behave like non-MWFL: some behave like English (they always havewh-move-ment), some like Chinese (they never have it), and some like French (they have it optionally although, as in French,wh-movement is some-times required). The journal actively seeks to bridge the gap between descriptive work and work of a highly theoretical, less empirically oriented nature. constrains multiple wh-movement under certain conditions in the [-MFS] languages Russian and Serbo-Croatian. Higginbotham, J. and R. May: 1981, ‘Questions, Quantifiers and Crossing’, The Linguistic Review 15, 235–289. MWFL differ from English, Chinese, and French in that … 2. Also, since (5a) and (6a) are ungrammatical, we cannot as- —: 1986a, Barriers, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. The same happens with Superiority violations in English (ii). Picallo, M. C.: 1985, Opaque Domains, doctoral dissertation, City University of New York, CUNY, New York. periority violations. Both constructions are restricted by a Subjacency-like constraint. Department of Linguistics, University of Arizona, Douglass 200 East, 85721, Tucson, AZ, USA, You can also search for this author in Shortest Move). crosslinguistic typology concerningwh-movement in multiple ques-tions. Toman, J.: 1981, ‘Aspects of Multiple Wh-movement in Polish and Czech’, in R. May and J. Koster (eds. INTRODUCTION Rizzi (1982a) argues that the possibility of violating the WH-Island Constraint (WHIC) in Italian follows from the assumption that what counts äs a bounding node in a particular … The strict order effects in (3) follow if the second specifier position created by moving kogo must be created _below_ the position of the XP moved first, i.e, if XPs are ''tucked in'' below the phrase moved previously in multiple specifier constructions. © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. This item is part of a JSTOR Collection. 1, 41–80. "On Wh-Movement" 1. ... in the case of multiple embeddings there is a difference between the two. —: 1986b, Knowledge of Language: Its Nature, Origin, and Use, Praeger, New York. Keywords: multiple wh-movement, focus, echo questions, D-linking, Phonological Form, Superiority, wh-in-situ It is standardly assumed that there are four language types with respect to possibilities for wh-movement in multiple questions. Request Permissions. – Multiple wh-expressions. There are, however, at least three kinds of questions in which wh-movement does not occur (aside from when the question word serves as the subject and so is already fronted): . Since Bulgarian is a multiple wh-movement language, the object kogo must be moved as well. Select the purchase JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. It is enough that participants would—all else being equal—reliably judge the sentences to be less acceptable than comparison sentences that do not violate the same constraint. In particular, English does not generally allow multiple wh‐movement, but under some circumstances it seems to allow multiple sluicing. As noted above, the English examples in (36) and (37) are also excluded as a multiple wh-movement violation. Q-feature Movement in Single and Multiple Wh-questions in Japanese 102 (e.g., Watanabe 1992a, 1992b, 2003). This paper deals with two types of Wh-constructions that occur in German and Romani: partial and multiple Wh-movement. This is the motivation for handling the constraints on all three types of Wh-movement the same way. 5–16. In addition, it is claimed that Absorption applies at S-structure, as well as LF, in these languages, whereas in languages like English, it applies only at LF. Q-feature Movement in Single and Multiple Wh-questions in Japanese 2 (e.g., Watanabe 1992a, 1992b, 2003). Subscription will auto renew annually. Rizzi, L.: 1982, Issues in Italian Syntax, Foris, Dordrecht. ), Syntactic Structure and Logical Structure: Cross-Linguistic Perspectives, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. In English, wh-in-situ are found widely in multiple wh­ constructions, as in (la), whose S-structure is given in (lb): the wh-phrase what is an instance of wh-in-situ. multiple frontedwh strings, or restrictions on which wh-phrase can be raised in languages with overt movement of a singlewh-phrase), this can be assumed to be genuine wh-movement triggered by the feature-checking requirements of a +Q C and governed by economy restrictions on movement (i.e. J. and R. May: 1981, ‘ NP-Structure ’, in Y. violations on multiple wh-movement. In rhetorical questions to our terms and Conditions Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 1989... 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